The unique art of Ikkat or tie and dye yarn weaving is an ancient tradition of Orissa.
Brilliant colour schemes and geometric or floral designs in Ikkat are popularly used by textile designers for furnishing fabrics, dress materials and elegant cotton and silk sarees. The processes of tie and dye design require the fixing of the designs and patterns before the warp and weft are coloured.The threads forming the design are tied and dyed repeatedly to bring in the right colour at the right place and the interlacement of the threads produces the design on the fabric. The dyeing over the warp and weft are spread out for weaving on a loom. As patterns and designs emerge they impart elegance and beauty to the woven fabric. Tie and dye techniques may be applied on the warp threads(warp Ikkat) or the weft threads(weft Ikkat) either of which is called single Ikkat or they may be applied on warp and weft threads in such a way that the two designs overlap each other called double Ikat. In single as well as double Ikkat, warp and weft threads which are tied and dyed as per design should not only be positioned accurately in proper sequence in weaving as required by the design and its colour scheme but also should be accurately secured to prevent shifting, displacing or entangling. With this highly sophisticated Ikkat technique complicated motifs appear exactly the same on either side of the fabric.